- Richest of the Rich position: 22
- Birth/Death: c 1457-1483
- Origin of wealth: Land
- Wealth: £60,000
- Net National Income: £3.6m
- Net National Income Percent: 1.66%
- In Today’s Money: £18.425 billion
This violent Plantagenet deposed a king, his nephew, Edward V and had the king and the king’s brother, the Duke of York, murdered in the Tower of London. At the heart of his approach to power was wealth, particularly the greatest fortune in England at that time, the Bohun inheritance of land handed down in that family from the time of the Conquest.
Such was Buckingham’s importance as a prince of royal blood that he was allowed to assume the full rights of his title and become a Knight of the Garter at the age of just 16. He soon applied to his nephew for the Bohun lands, which carried with them an income of £1,000 a year, as well as knights and soldiers. He got his inheritance and became ‘head of the wealthiest and most long established of the English magnate families’.
Having placed Richard on the throne in June 1483, he then demanded the rest of his inheritance, the suzerainty of Wales and of the Marcher lands, each of which brought more acres and more revenues. By July 1483, he had the land. Then for no reason known to historians, he rebelled against Richard with fatal consequences.
As was usual at the time, upon his execution his lands, the Bohun lands, were confiscated to await a new distribution within the Plantagenet family.When the axe fell he was only 26 but worth £60,000 at a time when net national income was £3.6m and he accounted for 1.66% of that, making him worth about £18.4bn in current money.